By George Steinbach
Standard playing cards are used. Casinos typically change decks after 15 minutes of use, because the quality of the cards declines with each shuffling.
In games like stud poker, it is not unusual for cards to become bent quickly, as players often read their cards by peeking at the corner rather than lifting the card. Multiple decks are rarely used in poker. Using additional decks will make certain hand configurations significantly more common than they are in single-deck poker.
These serve as the currency of the game. Most games are played with chips or coin-shaped tokens of uniform size and weight, usually 39mm wide and anywhere from 5 to 16 grams in weight. Their money value is determined by their color. Modern casino chips are either made up of clay, ceramics or plastic.
The standard color scheme for poker chips is as follows: $1 chips are white; $5, red; $10, blue; $25, green; $100, black; $500, purple; $1000, orange; $5000, gray; $10000, pink, although there is much variance regarding the colors used for denominations above $100.
These tables are often circular or oblong in shape so that a typical poker game with two and ten players can reach the central pot. A soft table top is preferred to facilitate picking up chips and cards.
Lammers are plastic, chip-shaped tokens with text written on them. Most commonly used is a "dealer button" with either the word "DEALER" or a "D" written on it; this item indicates who shall deal next. In a casino setting, lammers are also used to indicate which variant is being used, and whose turn it is to pay the blind.
This is a thick plastic card, the same size and shape of a playing card. The dealer will place the deck upon this card before dealing, in order to prevent the accidental exposure of the bottom card of the deck.